The Bureau of Land Management on Tuesday released 66 wild horses — 34 mares treated with fertility control to slow population growth and 32 studs — on the Surprise Complex of Herd Management Areas in Washoe and Humboldt Counties in Nevada.
Four deaths were reported on Tuesday: A stallion suffered a broken neck during loading, while two mares and a stallion ages 20+ were put down because they were swaybacked and had body conditions of 2 (very thin) on a 9-point scale.
A total of 555 wild horses have been captured, so far. Nine other wild horses have been put down, all for poor body conditions.
The BLM plans to capture 1,220 wild horses and permanently remove 1,050 from the Surprise Complex.
A total of 82 wild horses have been released. In addition to those released on Tuesday, 15 stallions were released on Sept. 30 and one on Oct. 3, according to the report. The BLM “may release up to 170 animals back to the Herd Management Areas, if needed, to maintain viable populations,” the agency said in a press release before the roundup.
The 397,000 Surprise Complex is made up of six Herd Management Areas. Based on a June 2019 aerial survey, the BLM estimates there are about 1,300 wild horses on the six HMAs compared to a total agency-set “Appropriate Management Level” of 283-496.
By comparison, BLM allows seven livestock operators to use up to 30,587 Animal Unit Months, the equivalent of 2,549 cow-calif pairs annually, for seasonal livestock grazing on allotments overlapping the HMAs. One AUM is the amount of forage needed to sustain one cow-calf pair, one horse, five sheep or five goats for a month.
BLM also plans to remove about 10 wild burros because the HMA plans do not provide for burro populations, according to the release.
Captured horses will be transferred to the BLM’s Litchfield Wild Horse and Burro Corrals near Susanville, Calif., “and potentially other holding facilities,” to be prepared for adoption or sale, according to the release.
Viewing the roundup
Those who wish to view the roundup should reserve a spot by calling BLM Public Affairs Officer Jeff Fontana at 530-260-0189. Each viewing site can accommodate no more than 10 visitors. In accordance with protocols to prevent the spread of COVID-19, visitors will be asked to maintain social distancing and to wear face masks where distancing is not possible. On most days, members of the public will meet at 6 a.m. at the Rabbit Traxx gas station and mini mart, 580 Patterson St. (intersection of Patterson and California Route 299) in Cedarville, Calif.
Visitors must provide their own transportation in a high-clearance, four-wheel-drive vehicle. They should be sure vehicle tires are sound. They must have a good spare tire and tire changing equipment. Visitors should be prepared for a full day in changing weather conditions ranging from cold mornings to hot afternoons. They should bring plenty of water and food.
There is no shade or restroom facilities at the viewing sites. Most sites will have no cell service. Travel time to some capture sites is over two hours each way on dirt and gravel roads.