Red Creek is protective, alert and sensitive. She is a wonderful mother and her offspring are consistently independent, but once they trust you it’s forever.
The Choctaw horses are Spanish horses that remain from the early colonial efforts of the Spaniards in North America. These horses are important as a genetic resource because they have become rare, and are one of the oldest strains of horses in North America. These horses have been pivotal in the conservation of Colonial Spanish horses in North America.
Arriving to North America in the 1500’s with Hernando DeSoto, the Choctaw Indian Pony was an integral part of Choctaw tribal culture, spirituality, and heritage by the 1800’s. This tough, small horse lived through struggles and tragedies with the tribe, including the forced relocation of the Choctaw and Cherokee peoples known as the “Trail of Tears”. The sturdy Choctaw pony carried the ill and elderly on their backs along the Trail of Tears. For years the tribal families would hide these treasured ponies in the hills to prevent their extermination.
The pure descendants of these horses are part of a conservation program founded by the late Gilbert Jones on Black Jack Mountain, Oklahoma in an effort to preserve their unique color genetics, temperment and heritage. Since the 1950’s, Gilbert Jones pioneered a conservation program for Spanish mustangs including the ‘Hidalgo horses’ and the Choctaw horses. In 2008, the timber company ceased all livestock and horse grazing leases on Blackjack Mountain and all the horses were removed. Bryant Rickman continues Gilbert Jones’s legacy in Oklahoma.
In 2005, Return to Freedom had collaborated with screenwriter John Fusco and launched The Choctaw Horse Conservation Program. Dr. Phillip Sponenberg chose a band of seven mares from Blackjack Mountain to join Chief Iktinike in forming a foundation group to help preserve these rare horses in what he calls ‘a genetic rescue’.
The horses, with their more recent roots in Blackjack Mountain, Oklahoma, went to live at Red Road Farm in Vermont and, in 2008, Chief Iktinike and seven mares arrived at Return to Freedom in Central California.